33th Bcs Written Questions-2012

English 1st Paper

[NB.-The figures in the right margin indicate marks. Answer all the questions.]

1. Translate Into Bangla:

The students of Bangladesh played a significant role during the freedom struggle in 1971. Their sacrifice, zeal, heroism, and gallantry constitute an important part of our national history. During the nine-month struggle, numerous students left their places of learning, and underwent military training to fight against the Pakistani armed forces. The student community of this country have always been conscious about their socio- political responsibilities. They have created the tradition of sacrificing their tender lives for the cause of mother tongue, democracy, and homeland. In 1952, they faced bullets or gun-shots, and ultimately Bangla was made one of the state languages of Pakistan. They led a mass movement in 1969 to free Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman who was falsely implicated in the so-called “Agartala Conspiracy Case.” They brought down the existing regime from the pinnacle of power. However, the students should not assume that their duties are over. They should remember that it is hard to win freedom, but it -is harder to preserve it. 

অনুবাদঃ


বাংলাদেশর ছাত্ররা 1971 সালে স্বাধীনতা সংগ্রামের সময় একটি গুরুত্বপূর্ণ ভূমিকা পালন করেছিলো. তাদের উৎসর্গ, গভীর ভাবাবেগ, বীরত্ব, এবং সাহসিকতা আমাদের জাতীয় ইতিহাসের একটি গুরুত্বপূর্ণ অধ্যায় গঠন করেছে। নয় মাস সংগ্রামের সময়, অনেক ছাত্র তাদের বিদ্যালয় ত্যাগ করে , এবং পাকিস্তানের সশস্ত্র বাহিনীর বিরুদ্ধে যুদ্ধ করতে সামরিক প্রশিক্ষণ নিয়েছেন.এই দেশের ছাত্র সম্প্রদায় সবসময় তাদের সামাজিক, রাজনৈতিক দায়িত্ব সম্পর্কে সচেতন।তারা মাতৃভাষা, গণতন্ত্র, এবং স্বদেশের জন্য তাদের স্নেহপূর্ণ জীবন কোরবানী করার ঐতিহ্য তৈরি করেছেন.1952 সালে, তারা বুলেট বা বন্দুকের গুলির সম্মুখীন হন, এবং শেষ পর্যন্ত বাংলাকে পাকিস্তানের অন্যতম রাষ্ট্র ভাষা করা হয়েছিলো। তারা মিথ্যা তথাকথিত “আগরতলা ষড়যন্ত্র মামলার” অভিযোগ থেকে বঙ্গবন্ধু শেখ মুজিবুর রহমানকে মুক্ত করতে 1969 সালে একটি গণআন্দোলন নেতৃত্বে দিয়েছিলো। তারা বিদ্যমান ক্ষমতার চূড়া থেকে তাদেরকে নিচে নামিয়ে আনে।


তবে তাদের এটা ভাবা উচিত নয় যে তাদের কর্তব্য শেষ হয়ে গেছে ।তাদের এটা মনে রাখা উচিত যে স্বাধীনতা জয় করা কঠিন, কিন্তু তা সংরক্ষণ করা আরও বেশি কঠিন।


2. Translate into English:

বেগম রোকেয়া তাঁর সাহিত্যকর্মে রচনার জন্য তৎকালীন বাঙালী সমাজে পরিচিতি অর্জন করতে সক্ষম হয়েছিলেন। তাঁর সমকালে শুধু নারী সমাজের মধ্যে নয়, অনেক প্রতিষ্ঠিত পুরুষ লেখকদের মধ্যেও রোকেয়ার ন্যয় বুদ্ধিদীপ্ত অসাম্প্রদায়িক ও উদার লেখক ছিলেন বিরল। রোকেয়া বাড়ি বাড়ি ঘুরতেন এবং নারী শিক্ষার তাৎপর্য সম্পর্কে অভিভাবকদের বুঝাতেন। এজন্য তাঁকে অনেক সমালোচনা, তিরস্কার সহ্য করতে হয়েছিল। কিন্তু অদম্য সাহস ও ইস্পাত কঠিন মনোবলের জন্য তিনি কখনও পিছু হটেননি। 

Translation:


Begum Rokeya was able to achieve recognition in the ancient Bengali society for her literary composition.During her time,knowledgeable,non-communal,bountiful writer like Rokeya was uncommon not just women in the society but among a lot of established male writers. Rokeya wandered home to home and make the guardians understand about the significance of women’s education.She had to endure a lot of criticism,rebuking for this task .But she never retreated due to her indomitable courage and still strong stamina.

3. Amplify the idea in one of the following:

a. Actions speak louder than words.
b. Heard music is sweet but those unheard is sweeter.
c. A silver lining exists even in the darkest cloud. 

 

4. Write a precis of the following passage:

Poor people spend a much bigger share of their overall spending on food than on energy. If the use of food crops for bio-fuels increases, commodity prices Increase, making these crops less accessible to the poor. It is estimated that the rapid increase in, global bio-fuel production will push global corn prices up to 41 per cent, oil-seeds prices to 76 per cent, and wheat prices to 30 per cent by 2020. Thus, these price increases of foods will lead to more expenses in food, and will also affect diet quality and nutrition level.

The rising prices can be successfully handled if crop yield is increased substantially. But what is more important is to frame a pragmatic bio-fuel policy to regulate ethanol production from trees and grasses. These steps will have positive impact on the country’s economic growth. 

5. Fill in the blanks (any five):

a) Rini is worst———-figure-work.
b) Humayun is senior to Tipu———three years.
c) We had to depend———–our parents until 2000.
d) Our university will organise a show———-its campus.
e) I was subsequently placed——–the inquiry committee.
f) They, have been working in this office———-2005.
g) Yasmin Is married———–Rizwan. 

View Answer


a). at

b). by

c). on

d). at

e). on

f). since

g). to

6. Frame sentences with the following prepositions (any five):

a) Benefit of doubt;
b) Pave the way;
c) Give in;
d) Turn in;
e) Back out;
f) Apple of discord;
g) In harness;
h) Come of. 

View Answer


a).সন্দেহবশতঃ Police gave the girl at the bar tonight the benefit of the doubt.

b). সুযোগ করে দেয়া: Father paved the way for the son

c). নতি স্বীকার করাঃ At last, the enemy gave in

d). প্রকাশ করা/ জানানোঃ The criminal turned herself in

e). পশ্চাত্পদ হত্তয়া -Hector and his stalwart Trojan army force the Greeks into a Back out

f). বিবাদের সুত্রপাত।A piece of land was the apple of discord between the two brothers

g). কাজে রত- Now he is engaged in harness

h. জন্মগ্রহন করা Jaman came of a poor family

7. Correct the following sentences: (any five)

a) Maradona was born in a poor family.
b) Razi could not attend the meeting timely.
c) This incident has occurred ten years ago.
d) Kalpon’s father died due to a road mishap.
e) There is no alternative for knowledge acquisition.
f) Let us ponder about this problem.
g) Our car took an U-tern near the Mohammadpur bus stand.
h) After Rapty completed her M. Ed., she joined a secondary school.

View Answer


a) Maradona was born in a poor family.

b) Razi could not attend the meeting on time.

c) This incident occurred ten years ago.

d) Kalpon’s father died by a road mishap.

e) There is no alternative to knowledge acquisition.

f) Let us ponder overthis problem.

g) Our car took a U-tern near the Mohammadpur bus stand.

h) After Rapty had completed her M. Ed., she joined a secondary school.

8. Change the form of the voice (any five):

a) My book is read by many.
b) Tell me the tale.
c) I placed the personal to him.
d) All respect Seraj for his uprightness.
e) Munni was singing a modern song.
f) Did you take the therapy?
g) Onions sell at high prices.

View Answer


a) Many people read my book

b) Let the tale be told to me

c) the personal was placed to him by you.

d) Seraj is respected for his uprightness by all

e) A modern song was being sung by Munni

f) Was the therapy taken by you?

g) Onions are at high prices when they are sold

9. Use the correct form of verbs shown in the parentheses:

The Montana Supreme Court (have) ruled that physicians (can) not be (prosecute) for (prescribe) lethal drugs for patients who (are) terminally ill. In New Zealand a bill to permit assisted suicide is (await) parliamentary approval. 

View Answer

The Montana Supreme Court (has) ruled that physicians (can) not be (prosecuted) for (prescribing) lethal drugs for patients who (are) terminally ill. In New Zealand a bill to permit assisted suicide is (awaiting) parliamentary approval.